Citations

Primary 

Almasy, Steve, Theresa Waldrop, Dakin Andone, and Holly Yan. “What We Know about the Suspect in the University of Virginia Shooting Rampage That Left 3 Football Players Dead.” CNN. November 16, 2022. https://www.cnn.com/2022/11/14/us/university-of-virginia-shooting-suspect/index.html.

Caldwell, Travis, and Jenn Selva. “Suspect Who Allegedly Killed 2 Officers in Shooting at Virginia College Was Former Student Athlete.” CNN. February 2, 2022. https://www.cnn.com/2022/02/02/us/bridgewater-college-shooting-wednesday/index.html.

Immel, Christopher S, and James M Hadder. “A Narrative of Personal Experiences and Recovery Efforts Carried Out in the Wake of the Virginia Tech Shootings.” Traumatology, no. 1 (2008): 52–59. https://doi.org/10.1177/1534765607310221.

Stein, Benjamin. Sunday Morning. Opinion : Ben Stein [Virginia Tech Shooting].” New York, NY: Columbia Broadcasting System, 2007. https://video.alexanderstreet.com/watch/opinion-ben-stein-19

Vitale, Ami. Personal Messages and Prayers Left at a Memorial for Victims of the Shooting Massacre at Virginia Tech University Two Days Earlier. 33 People Died in What Was the Deadliest School Shooting in US History. 1907.

Secondary

Deisinger, Eugene R. D., and Mario J. Scalora. “Threat Assessment and Management in Higher Education in the United States: A Review of the 10 Years Since the Mass Casualty Incident at Virginia Tech.” Journal of Threat Assessment and Management 3, no. 3–4 (2016): 186–99. https://doi.org/10.1037/tam0000074

Hemphill, Brian O., and Brandi Hephner. LaBanc. Enough Is Enough a Student Affairs Perspective on Preparedness and Response to a Campus Shooting. 1st ed. Sterling, Va: Stylus, 2010.

Holody, Kyle J., Sung-Yeon Park, and Xiaoqun Zhang. “Radicalization” of the Virginia Tech Shootings: A Comparison of Local and National Newspapers.” Journalism Studies , no. 4 (2013): 568–83. https://doi.org/10.1080/1461670X.2012.726499.

Rasmussen, Chris, and Gina Johnson. The Ripple Effect of Virginia Tech: Assessing the Nationwide Impact on Campus Safety and Security Policy and Practice. Midwestern Higher Education Compact: Midwestern Higher Education Compact, 2008.

Schildkraut, Jaclyn, and Tiffany Cox Hernandez. “Laws That Bit The Bullet: A Review of Legislative Responses to School Shootings.” American Journal of Criminal Justice 39, no. 2 (2014): 358–74. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12103-013-9214-6.

Sood, Aradhana Bela, and Robert Cohen, eds. The Virginia Tech Massacre : Strategies and Challenges for Improving Mental Health Policy on Campus and Beyond. New York, New York: Oxford University Press, 2015.

Useful Websites

https://www.britannica.com/event/Virginia-Tech-shooting

https://wset.com/news/weremembervt/remembering-32-victims-of-virginia-tech-massacre

https://www.npr.org/2007/04/17/9636137/timeline-how-the-virginia-tech-shootings-unfolded

css.php